Welcome To The Official Site Of Sweden. Discover The Facts And Stories Of Our Country.
Denmark was the primary to hitch European Economic Community (EEC) in 1972 and after it grew to become European Union (EU) in 1993 Finland and Sweden additionally joined in 1995. Norway and Iceland are members of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). All the Nordic Countries are however members of the European Economic Area (EEA). During the Middle Ages, increased commerce meant that the Nordic international locations turned increasingly built-in into Europe and Nordic society turned extra Continental.
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The Nordic nations have much in common of their way of life, historical past, faith and social construction. The Nordic international locations have a long historical past of political unions and other close relations, however do not form a singular entity at present. The Scandinavist movement sought to unite Denmark, Norway and Sweden into one country within the 19th century.
As one of the more exotic exports, hunting birds had been typically supplied from Norway to the European aristocracy, from the tenth century. The Vikings had been expert spinners and weavers and exported woollen fabric of a high quality. Spices were obtained from Chinese and Persian merchants, who met with the Viking merchants in Russia. Vikings used homegrown spices and herbs like caraway, thyme, horseradish and mustard, but imported cinnamon. Except for the most important buying and selling centres of Ribe, Hedeby and the like, the Viking world was unfamiliar with the usage of coinage and was based on so referred to as bullion economy, that’s, the load of treasured metals.
The news hit the Norwegian public onerous, and reactions included anger on the “cowardice” and “treason” of the army commanders, despair over the prospects of Norwegian independence, and confusion concerning the nation’s choices. Christian Frederik confirmed his willingness to abdicate the throne for “causes of well being”, leaving his authority with the state council as agreed in a secret protocol at Moss. In a letter dated 28 August he ordered the council to simply accept orders from the “highest authority”, implicitly referring to the Swedish king. Two days later, the Swedish king proclaimed himself the ruler of both Sweden and Norway.
From 1829 onwards, the viceroys were Norwegians, till the workplace was left vacant after 1856, and at last abolished in 1873. On 22 May, the newly elected king made a triumphant entrance into Christiania. The weapons of Akershus Fortress sounded the royal salute, and a celebratory service was held within the Cathedral.
Norway, Iceland and Denmark have all had successful home report industries for a few years. Iceland has the very best authorities expenditure on tradition, a complete of 3.3 per cent of its GDP in 2011. Looking at per capita expenditure, Iceland once more has the highest expenditure with Norway coming second. Greenland spends the third highest amount on culture and leisure per capita.
When it comes to gender equality, it may be mentioned that the Nordic nations hold one of many smallest gaps in gender employment inequality of all OECD countries, with less than 8 factors in all Nordic nations according to International Labour Organization (ILO) requirements. They have been at the front of the implementation of policies that promote gender equality. For instance, the Scandinavian governments had been some of the first to make it unlawful for firms to dismiss women on grounds of marriage or motherhood. Mothers in Nordic countries are more likely to be working moms than in any other region and households get pleasure from pioneering laws on parental leave policies that compensate dad and mom for moving from work to house to care for their child, together with fathers.
In Sweden, espresso drinking is fostered through a tradition referred to as fika– by which associates, household or colleagues meet for coffee or tea, often with one thing sweet on the side sweeden girls. The European Convention on Human Rights has been incorporated into Swedish regulation since 1995. Sweden has additionally signed and ratified a number of human rights agreements throughout the UN, International Labour Organization and the Council of Europe.
This security internet between jobs is a part of Denmark’s “flexicurity” labor market mannequin, which permits companies to be versatile, and people to get security from the government. “[I]t didn’t let me have that work-life steadiness that we cherish so much right here,” she says. “And so, we now have a system that made it potential for me to give up my job and have some pondering time and figure out what’s my subsequent step in life.” During that time, Konig Koehrsen received $2,000 a month from the Danish authorities. In Finland, many people spend their summers in cottages, known as “mokki,” where they unplug and relax with household and associates.
The Council does not have any formal power by itself, however every government has to implement any decisions by way of its country’s legislative meeting. With Denmark, Iceland and Norway being members of NATO and Finland and Sweden being impartial, the Nordic Council has not been involved in any army cooperation.
Sweden was underneath German influence for a lot of the struggle, as ties to the remainder of the world had been minimize off via blockades. The Swedish authorities felt that it was in no position to openly contest Germany, and due to this fact made some concessions. Sweden additionally supplied metal and machined components to Germany all through the struggle.
The Independence celebration had the majority and argued that the mandate was limited to formalizing Norway’s independence primarily based on the popular oath of fealty earlier that yr. With Christian Frederik as regent, the relationship with Denmark would be negotiated throughout the context of Norwegian independence.